Sustainable Programme Management Systems: A Causality Model
by Bongs Lainjo
Bongs Lainjo (Lead Author), Dr. Zaman Ara, Philip “Jesse” Brandt
Extensive research of the models for management of sustainable development programs led the authors to the realization that administrators of development funds for allocation to lesser developed countries by multi and bi-lateral agencies have been guided by universal goals and agreements.
The proponents believe in taking collaborative initiatives to expedite the social and economic development processes to vulnerable populations through financial and technical support. These interventions are integrated with government policies to achieve common goals. The mutual (recipient and donor) concerns extend to and encompass the effective and efficient utilization of resources by the beneficiaries. The governments of recipient countries seek and strive to coordinate development plans, management and accounting systems as conditions the donors insist upon to fully satisfy the funding conditions.
Seven components that facilitate the achievement of sustainable management of development programs are embodied in a conceptual framework the ‘CARROT-BUS’ model where CARROT is for Capacity, Accountability, Resources, Results, Ownership and Transparency and BUS: ‘Bottom Up Strategy’. The causality framework of CARROT-BUS is conceptually analogous to Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in terms of migrating from lower to higher levels. Maslow’s pyramid starts at the bottom with ‘basic needs’ and ends at the top with ‘self actualization’ while CARROT-BUS starts with ‘capacity-strengthening’ at the bottom and migrates to ‘transparency’ at the peak. As an essential and effective complement, total quality management has been included as a useful, reliable, relevant and effective tool. It helps in streamlining and correcting potential gaps, weaknesses and discrepancies during the implementation phase.
While other methods do exist, available evidence confirms CARROT-BUS as the most appropriate because unlike others it is holistic and inclusive. Elements of the Paris declaration and its protocols have also been explored in an attempt to highlight the inclusiveness, uniqueness and validity of the management model.
CARROT-BUS is presented as a simple and easily implicit approach and the paper seeks to clarify why this model prevails over others in beneficiary countries.
Keywords: Pyramid, Cause, Effect, Model, Sustainable